Sri Lanka at a Glance
National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
Population 20.9 million.
Population Density 309 people per sq km
Life Expectancy at Birth 74 female, 64 male
Literacy rate 91.8%
Languages Sinhala, Tamil and English are widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka, with the exception of remote villages where it might be Sinhala only or Tamil only.
Ethnic Groups Sinhalese- 74 per cent; Tamil- 18 per cent; Muslim -7 per cent; Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonist) and others- 1 per cent
Religions Buddhism- 70 per cent; Hinduism- 16 per cent; Christianity- 7 per cent; Islam-7 per cent
Climate Low Lands – tropical, average 27C. Central Hills – cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon is from December to January. Sri Lanka's climate is ideal for holiday-makers throughout the year.
Annual per capita GNP USD 870
Industries Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco.
Agriculture Products Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, roots, spices, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, meat
Currency Sri Lanka follows the decimal currency system in Rupees (Rs.) and cents (Cts.) with 100 cents equal to a rupee. Currency notes are available in the denominations of Rs.10,20,50,100,200, 50, 1000 & 2000. Coins are issued in values of Cts. 25 and 50 and Rs.1,2,5 and 10. The intervention currency continuously will be the US Dollar.
Visa Residents from permitted countries are issued visas on arrival. Consult your local Sri Lanka embassy, consulate, tourist office or your travel agent.
Working Days Five working days (Monday to Friday)
Business Hours Government offices 9.00 am. -5.00 pm, Monday to Friday
Banks 9.00 am. to 1.00pm. or 3.00pm Monday to Saturday
Post Office 8.30am- 5.00pm Monday to Friday 8.30am – 1.00pm on Saturday.